Komodo National Park was established in 1980 and inscribed on the World Heritage list in 1991.
The Park was designated a Natural World Heritage Site under the following criteria:
– One of the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation
– An outstanding example representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features.
The Park encompasses 1,817 square kilometers of land and marine wilderness, including the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Padar and Gili Motang as well as numerous smaller islands and their surrounding waters in the Sape Strait between the islands of Flores and Sumbawa.
The Park is the only place in the world where the komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), the world’s largest lizard, lives. There are around 2,500 of these giant lizards, which can reach more than 3 meters in length and weigh as much as 90 kg, in the Park. They eat deer, boar, buffalo, snakes, monkeys, wild horses, etc. If you’re lucky, you may encounter these dragons eating one of its prey species.
In terms of marine life, the Park is considered as one of the best dive destinations on the planet. It’s a home for 1,000 species of fish, 385 species of reef-building corals, 70 species of sponges, ten dolphin species, six whale species, green and hawksbill turtles, dugongs and various species of sharks and rays, including manta rays.
All visitor-related services and facilities are located at Loh Liang (Komodo Island) and Loh Buaya (Rinca Island). Managed by PT Putri Naga Komodo, these tourism concession areas are the points of departure for all trekking activities inside the Park.